A tiling plane of a wall is the cover of an unbroken flat surface with one or more curved shapes, known as tiles, without spaces and no overlaps. In engineering, tiling is also generalized to various geometries and higher dimensions. It is usually applied for aesthetic reasons in private homes. In most cases, it is done to decorate interiors. But the main reason for tiling is to serve the purpose of insulating the building against external weather conditions, including heat.
In general terms tiling refers to the application of one or more patterns for the purpose of beautification, for example, for hiding cracks and gaps, to provide a smoother surface, to increase the level of privacy or to provide a pattern that improves the visual appearance of the floor, wall or ceiling. While each of these different types of tiling has different objectives, all are designed to provide some degree of insulation from external conditions. But it should be noted that the primary objective of any tiling is to provide some degree of thermal comfort, which is facilitated by the existence of four colour concept, namely, the four basic colours of tiling are distinguished by their intensity (red is the lightest, orange is mid-tones, yellow is dark tones and blue is the darkest).
When tiling is done on the concrete foundation, it is done in such a way that the concrete is sealed between the tiling edges while it is being formed. Once tiling is completed, it is cut into slabs or tiles according to the required requirements. Then these tiles are laid in mortar or cement. Tiling is done either by a manual method or by machine. However, manual tiling requires considerable amount of time and effort, whereas machine tiling can be completed within hours. Another important fact about tiling is that the use of paints and varnishes for painting the tiles will also create problems as they act as water absorbents, thereby reducing the effectiveness of the tiling process.